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Biowaste stands for discarded biodegradable material. This means it can be broken down into carbon dioxide, water, methane or simple organic molecules by micro-organisms under anaerobic and aerobic conditions. One of the main reasons why biowaste represents a threat to the environment is the production of methane during its decomposing in landfills. This environmental impact can be significantly reduced through separate collection and use of biowaste.
In terms of usage potential, meaning soil or energy recovery, biowaste is still largely underutilised. Employing traditional practices in recycling, reusing and composting can significantly decrease uncontrolled waste disposal, which is especially important in regions without access to formal collection services. Composting, for example, can even ensure the generation of good quality natural fertiliser, which is why this practice should be encouraged.
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More to come in the following weeks…
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